Heavy Rains and Hurricanes Clear a Path for Supercharged Mold

Anyone east of the Rockies will tell you this has been a wet year. It wasn’t just that Hurricanes Florence and Michael soaked parts of the South. It wasn’t just that this year’s drenching storms were numerous and tracked unusually far north (one, Alberto, made a historic appearance all the way up in Michigan).

It was also that the rest of the Eastern Seaboard just simply got wetter. In Wilmington, N.C., 60 inches of rain broke an annual record set in 1966. Around Scranton, Pa., rainfall broke a 1945 record. Wisconsin, Colorado and Maryland all saw 1-in-1,000-year rainfall events. And dozens of locations, like Baltimore, Pittsburgh and Charleston, W.Va., had their second- or third-wettest summers on record.

And with the rain comes mold.

In some houses, mold spores are nothing more than a nuisance—staining furniture or making the basement smell funny. But in other homes they can put people in the hospital or even kill them. Many molds are associated with allergy or asthma attacks; some have been linked to serious complications in immune-compromised populations, and cancer. It is hard to say just yet how much the latest wet year has affected people’s respiratory systems, but it is certainly already hitting their pocketbooks.

“This year there’s just a lot of mold tests being done,” says Michael Berg, the laboratory director for EMLab P&K, one of the biggest U.S. mold-testing companies. He says staffing has become a challenge after two hurricanes and relentless storms along the Eastern Seaboard: “We are struggling, as far as having enough hands on deck in a year like this.”

As climate change and CO2 emissions continue to shape life on Earth, we may be seeing a lot more flooding—with higher sea levels and more powerful storms. In some ways this year might be a glimpse into a wet and moldy future. But what will that mean in practical terms?

Modelling the effects of climate change and rising CO2 levels is notoriously difficult, and even more so when it comes to the diverse world of fungi. It is a little like asking, “How will climate change affect animals?”—some may benefit while others suffer. In some cases the heat will make for fertile breeding grounds for fungi. In others the additional CO2 might irritate them, thereby prompting them to release more spores. “It’s a stress response. The fungus wants to survive, and the way it tries to survive is to produce more offspring—and that means more spores,” says Naresh Magan, a mycologist at England’s Cranfield University. Aspergillus fumigatus, a member of what is perhaps the most common genus of mold to irritate humans, seems to release far more spores when scientists raise it in warmer, CO2-rich enclosures. Other researchers have suggested that increased CO2 might create more leaf litter—where a lot of mold grows when it is not in your house—adding much-needed nitrogen for fungi.

And the spores they produce might be more harmful. In addition to the number of spores a mold puts out, evidence suggests higher CO2 might change the spores themselves. Some mold spores are more than eight times more allergenic today than in pre-industrial times (though it is not clear this trend will be maintained as CO2 levels continue to rise).

Scientists are not completely certain as to how this works. Unlike plants—which breathe in CO2 and can benefit from its increase—fungi take in oxygen, so changes in the chemistry of their spores may be due to some kind of secondary effect. Experts have suggested that more CO2 can lead to more acidic soil or indirectly change fungi respiration. Or there might be some unknown mechanism that causes different responses in different molds. Whatever that mechanism might be, higher CO2 somehow triggers the more allergenic proteins in many molds—which may be why so many more people are allergic to mold today than in generations past.

But not all fungi react the same way to environmental changes. Experiments suggest Alternaria—a genus of mold that causes respiratory problems and is often found in spoiled crops and houses—may actually decrease the allergens in its spores in a warmer, higher-CO2 world. In many cases, it is not clear what chemicals cause adverse health effects from mold spores, let alone how they will respond to a changing climate and atmosphere.

Magan has exposed many types of mold to different levels of CO2, heat and moisture. He says molds such as Stachybotrys—a dangerous group often referred to as “black mold”—might become less allergenic as CO2 increases. But when Aspergillus species are put in a higher CO2 environment, they increase production of aflatoxin B1, a potent cancer-causing chemical that the mold can deposit on some types of produce and livestock feed.

Some of these effects will change, Magan says, as molds adapt and mutate. This might mean the molds will adjust to the stress of climate change—but it could also mean they will adjust to how we treat them. The human body is an excellent place for molds to grow, but most people’s bodies are able to fight them off (though we might start coughing or get runny noses in the process). But in people with compromised immune systems—after stem cell therapy or an organ transplant, for example—Aspergillus can be lethal. Studies have documented an increasing ability among such molds to resist medical treatments including triazole, the most potent anti-fungal in such cases, even in patients who have never taken the drug.

Another problem with mold today is that many energy-efficient homes are designed to capture and conserve heat—which means they can also trap moisture and prevent ventilation, Magan adds. Heat and moisture create a perfect environment for mold. In a bitter irony, architects battling the very things that encourage molds globally may be making them more comfortable in your basement.

But people living in modern, energy-efficient homes are not the ones likely to suffer most from the long-term effects of mold. As is often the case with climate change and rising CO2 levels, the repercussions will likely be worst among the poor, especially in underdeveloped economies where many people cannot purge moisture and mold from their houses.

“With asthma and chronic pulmonary disease, it’s a vicious cycle. [Patients] go and get medication and they feel a little bit better, but they come back into the same home environment,” says Maureen Lichtveld, a global health professor at Tulane University who works with marginalized communities in the Caribbean region as well as the U.S. Southeast.

Lichtveld studies many forms of disease that follow disaster and climate change, but she finds mold especially frustrating because it is highly preventable and relatively easy to control in the home. And if it is not removed, mold can exacerbate chronic asthma and other diseases and stunt a child’s learning and growth. In Puerto Rico asthma was already 23 percent higher than on the mainland—with twice as many asthma-related deaths—before Hurricanes Irma and Maria battered the island in 2017. Many reports suggest it has spiked since then, though objective numbers are not yet available.

In places such as South Florida, where seasonal flooding is common, the mold remediation business has become especially competitive, according to Berg. In other places hit by hurricanes or heavy rains, residents might be facing mold problems for the first time. But whether from flooding, increased spore output or changes in how it functions, mold is likely to become a bigger part of our lives.

Tips* for avoiding the effects of airborne mold spores:

  • Just because you can’t smell the musty odor of mold in the air doesn’t mean it is not there. But if you can, it’s a good sign you might have a problem.
  • As with other allergens, not everyone responds to mold spores in the same way. One person might sneeze or cough while another might become exhausted, and another will feel nothing at all.
  • Mold thrives in wet places with little ventilation. Be especially careful with showers, basements or wherever you hang your clothes to dry.
  • There are thousands of species of mold, and each species releases different concentrations of potentially harmful chemicals. Off-the-shelf mold detectors are generally not sophisticated enough to accurately measure dangerous molds. It is far better to hire a service to take samples and analyze them in a lab.
  • For people with asthma, mold spores become especially dangerous when combined with other allergens such as cockroaches or animal dander.
  • Whereas molds can become resistant to medicines, they cannot do so to household bleach—which is still the best way to get them off surfaces. White vinegar is another, less caustic, option.
  • One of the best ways to beat mold in the home is to keep humidity low (ideally below 50 percent, but at least below 80 percent). If you have a period of high humidity, keep an eye out for mold.
  • Mold is far more likely to grow on organic materials. Wicker, wood or straw on furniture are the most common.
  • Make sure rooms are well-ventilated. If the weather is dry, open a window and create a cross breeze. If not, switch on a fan or air conditioning.
  • Do not try to paint over mold. It will continue to grow and release spores underneath the paint. Always wear protective goggles and a mask when dealing with household mold.
  • Once you have removed the mold—washing with bleach, throwing out that old wicker chair, using an air filter—the mold should not come back. If it does, it is probably because moisture is continuing to seep in through the air or some kind of leak. Find the source of the moisture rather than endlessly fighting the mold.

Original Article Source:https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/heavy-rains-and-hurricanes-clear-a-path-for-supercharged-mold/

A Few Good Resources on Mold Illness, a Common Lyme Disease Co-Condition

Lately, ProHealth has been sharing articles about how mold toxicity is an important, but often overlooked co-condition in people with chronic Lyme disease. Many people, not just those with Lyme—are sick from mold illness, but those with chronic health conditions such as Lyme may be even more susceptible to the effects of mold, since Lyme hamstrings the immune system in such a way that makes it more vulnerable to environmental assaults of all kinds, including mold.

In her article, Is Toxic Mold Exposure the Cause of Your Symptoms? Jill Carnahan, MD, shares about mold illness; how to identify it in your home or workplace, symptoms that are commonly associated with mold, and how to test and treat your home and body for it.

Mold Illness

Dr. Carnahan also describes her Low Mold Diet, which describes foods that are safe and not safe for people with mold illness to consume. Healthy food for people battling mold illness include fresh, organic meat, poultry and fish; low glycemic vegetables and fruits, nuts and seeds, and healthy oils. Higher-glycemic fruits, canned, boxed and processed foods, sugar, cheese, and high amounts of most grains and legumes are some foods that can feed mold and exacerbate mold symptoms. To read more, click here.

Other good resources on mold include Dave Asprey’s interview MOLDY, Ritchie Shoemaker, MDs site: www.SurvivingMold.com, and Neil Nathan, MDs new book, Mold and Mycotoxins. Because mold illness is a complex condition to diagnose and treat and there is some controversy surrounding the best way to do that, it is a good idea to consult multiple sources when learning about the effects of mold and mycotoxins upon the body.

Article Source: http://www.prohealth.com/library/showarticle.cfm?libid=29677

Buying a New Home? Make Sure it’s Mold-Free

Everybody would ask for a perfect home – a dream home which can be a perfect place for you and your family. It must be sanctuary that is safe and comfortable. With that being said, no one wants to buy a house with a mold problem. So, if you’re looking and planning to buy new house you must ensure that it’s free from possible mold issues. This is a substantial matter that must not be disregarded before closing a sale.
Identifying Molds to Prevent Further Problems

Aside from the fact that mold can make a house less appealing, it can also cause health problems. Some molds are visible and even odorous. They can grow in less accessible spots such as basements and attics. They can also thrive in water-soaked materials such as wallboard, painted walls, ceiling tiles, and others. Furthermore, they can survive in almost any damp location. The following are the most parts of the home which you need to watch out for molds:

  • Bathroom
  • Attic
  • Basement
  • Kitchen
  • Drywall
  • Window
  • Carpet
  • Laundry

In addition, molds often grow around leaking pipes, windows, or roofs where there is constant supply of water. Places that have been flooded and haven’t been thoroughly dried like basements can be a place where molds grow too. Make sure to check them regularly.

If you are going to buy a new house, make sure it’s mold-free. It would entail a precise manner of checking and knowledge on how to do it. If you don’t have the knowledge, it’ll be always advisable to ask help from the experts. Contacting a home inspector will be a great first step.

Keep an eye for places where water usually runs, be it in the basement or your sink. A home mold inspector can professionally inspect it before you buy your new home.

Of course, the home owner knows the property very well. Ask the seller to disclose any mold  or water damage problems. This is one way you can make a great buy. Some sellers would refuse because they want to avoid liability for any problems.  Before making any agreement or payment, make sure you get the duty of inspecting the areas yourself.

Buying a new home can be both rewarding and of course entails a responsibility as well. Nevertheless, for your peace of mind have it inspected by the professionals. You might hire a professional mold testing company. These companies can dig into walls and check the entire property to make certain it’ll be a good buy. You’ll have to decide whether the cost of removing the mold is worth the price you’ll pay, especially, when the health of a family member is at risk.

For more details and information, head up to https://funguyinspections.com/.

The common reasons of Bathroom Mold

Remove Bathroom MoldMold is very common to found in bathroom. The main reason of this is, there’s a lot of water and humidity. That’s why bathroom’s wall and floor getting mold day by day. There is multi way in a bathroom where water can run frequently, such as basin, the bathtub and the shower. For this cause, these are creating wet surfaces and puddles of water in everywhere. If you don’t dry this moisture out quickly it can easily lead to mold growth.
Mold could be a apart of the natural setting. Outdoors, molds play a locality in nature by breaking down dead organic matter like fallen leaves and dead trees, however inside, mold growth ought to be avoided. Molds reproduce by means that of little spores; the spores area unit invisible to the oculus and float through outside and indoor air. Mold might begin growing inside once mold spores land on surfaces that area unit wet. There area unit many sorts of mold, and none of them can grow while not water or wet. (more…)